Genus Species: Spea bombifrons
Size: 2 - 2½”
Location:This Western species has made it into a few locations in the Arkansas River Valley.
Advertisement Call: Short snores every second or so.
Notice the four rough stripes on its back and warty skin. There is a raised bone on their head between their eyes called a “boss” which is missing in the Eastern Spadefoot. The Plains Spadefoot is smaller than the Eastern and Hurter’s Spadefoot. Their back foot tubercle is more wedge-shaped than their sickle-shaped cousins. He is rarely seen without rain present. Reproductive behavior is similar to the other spadefoots.
Interesting Fact: Spadefoot fossils that are 35 million years old have been found in North America.
The Plains Spadefoot is a member of the Scaphiopodidae (North American Spadefoots) family and is a Middle Frog (Mesobatrachia).
Click for more about the Plains Spadefoot at Herps of Arkansas.