Plains Spadefoot

Western Plains Spadefoot

Copyright Gary Nafis

Genus Species: Spea bombifrons

Size: 2 - 2½”

Location:This Western species has made it into a few locations in the Arkansas River Valley.

Advertisement Call: Short snores every second or so.




Notice the four rough stripes on its back and warty skin.  There is a raised bone on their head between their eyes called a “boss” which is missing in the Eastern Spadefoot.  The Plains Spadefoot is smaller than the Eastern and Hurter’s Spadefoot.  Their back foot tubercle is more wedge-shaped than their sickle-shaped cousins.  He is rarely seen without rain present.  Reproductive behavior is similar to the other spadefoots.

Interesting Fact: Spadefoot fossils that are 35 million years old have been found in North America.

The Plains Spadefoot is a member of the Scaphiopodidae (North American Spadefoots) family and is a Middle Frog (Mesobatrachia).

Click for more about the Plains Spadefoot at Herps of Arkansas.